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Turkey is an open air museum of the world’s great architecture with its buildings from Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk, Ottoman period to modern Turkey.


Turkish architects who signed many successful projects around the world, are the touchstones of modern architecture.

Today there are a number of established architectural firms that deserve mention. Modern architectural works have influenced several generations of Turkish architects and received widespread international acclaim.


The architecture of traditional Turkish houses is influenced by a variety of climactic and natural resources, by the traditions of earlier houses remaining in Anatolia from the Byzantine era, and by traditional Turkish culture, which was brought from Central Asia by the Turks.

Local materials, both natural and inorganic, give Turkish houses their character and identity; in North Anatolia, the wooden houses from rich forests; while in Central Anatolia, the stone and sun-dried brick houses; in West Anatolia, stone; and in South Anatolia, stone and wooden houses.

In conjunction with these principles, the interiors of Turkish houses were planned for different purposes, like the winter and the summer rooms. In addition, Islamic and Turkish customs played a great part in shaping the house. This factor brought on a common plan, which made Turkish houses more homogenious, though there were still climatic and regional differences.